The third part of Dziady, a drama by Adam Mickiewicz, written and published in 1832, is commonly considered a masterpiece of the romantic era. Due to its popularity and its significance to Polish culture, it has been commented on for years by many scholars. It seems like there is nothing left to explain in this work. Although most of the complexities in the text have been explained, at least one important feature of this literary work is still possible to disclose. This feature is the identity of demons from the scene entitled «Senator’s Dream».
To notice this feature and to understand its meaning, we must turn our attention from the work itself to the rough drafts of Dziady. Studying manuscripts of the work, using methods of genetic criticism, we can explain not only what and how Mickiewicz revised, but most of all — what was his artistic plan? We can understand what he tried to hide from the eyes of his readers and what he left open.